Printable Worksheets

Printable Worksheets

Activities

Ledumahadi mafube (lay-DOO mah-HAH-dee-mah-FOO-Bay)
African word meaning: ‘A Giant Thunderclap at Dawn”

Ledumahadi mafube image

Dinosaurs facts change often. At thus date, February 2019, Ledumahadi is the largest land animal ever discovered. It lived over 200 million years ago. It weighed over 26,000 pounds; that’s the size of two African elephants. The first bones were discovered in 2012 and were found sticking out of rocks in a large field. The dinosaur found was a fully grown adult and aoximately fourteen-years-old. Ledumahadi is related to Brontosaurus. They where Sauropods. They ate plants (herbivores) and walked on all four legs. Ledumahadi lived before Brontosaurus, at the “Dawn” of the Sauropods. The Ledumahadi mafube’s limbs were trick and heavy. Their front limbs were squatted and stoped and it would have been difficult to support its massive weight. Researchers used data compiled from dinosaurs, animals, and reptiles to determine Ledumahadi mafube walked on all fours. Earlier in 2018, Argentina announced the discovery of a gigantic dinosaur (Ingentia prima). At the time of their announcement, Ingentia prima was the largest land animal ever discovered. South Afica’s Ledumahadi mafube is a close relative to the Argentina dinosaur, Scientist feel this supports the idea all continentswere assembled as Pangea (a super continent, made up of much of the world’s land mass during the Early Jurassic period). South Africa is also Known for the discovery of some of the earliest and largest turtles and a tiny carnivore called, Megapnosaurus. Cool Stuff!

Maiasaura (mah-ee-ah-SAWR-uh) Maiasaura means
"Good Mother Lizard"

Maiasaura image

Notice it doesn't end in "rus" like many dinosaur names. This is one of the few dinosaurs with a female name. Ending in "saura" makes it a feminine (girl) name. If it were "saurus" it would be a masculine (boy) name. The paleontologist who named Maiasaura wanted to honor this dinosaur, strong mothering instincts. Maiasaura were herbivores and had special teeth to grind up vegetation. Baby Maiasaura lived in their nests after binh and were fed by their parents. Parents brought things like fruit and leaves for their babies to eat. Their crater-shaped nests were made out of mud, twigs, and leaves. More than 200 skeletons were discovered in Montana. This led to the discovery that Maiasaura nested in groups. They were social and traveled together. Each year they left their nesting grounds and journeyed to a coastal area to find more food. Scientists believe they made this round trip each year. A fully grown Maiasaura could be 30 feet long. They had a duckbill, a bony crest in front of their eyes, and a narrow snout (nose) which faced down. They could walk on their two hind legs or on all four. Very Cool! The group of Maiasaura remains found in Montana, might have had as many as 10,000 individual dinosaurs living together. That’s, a lot!

Spinosaurus (SPY-nuh-SAWR-us)
Spinosaurus means "Spine Lizard"

Spinosaurus image

The Spinosaurus was a carnivore. It was also a piscivore, which means it ate fish. The first skeletons were discovered in Egypt. Many lived on the North African coast. They had spines sticking up from their backbones like a fin or a sail. It is possible this fin was brightly colored. Some scientists believe this fin helped regulate their body temperature. Their spear-like teeth and large crocodile-like skull made it possible for them to catch fish. Scientists believe they spent a lot of time in the water hunting for food. They think the Spinosaurus was able to dive underwater. They could eat and breathe at the same time like a crocodile. They could devour an entire shark. Spinosaurus is believed to be one of, if not, the largest predatory (carnivore) dinosaurs. They were definitely larger than a T-Rex. It is believed they grew to be as long as feet and weigh as much as 20 tons.

Minmi (MIN-mee)
Minmi was named for the site of its discovery which was near Minmi
Crossing in Queensland, Australia

Minmi image

Minmi was an herbivore. They had small, rounded plates which covered their body and belly. Although adorable, their brains were very small. They lived in Australia and are the first lmown dinosaur from the Southern Hemisphere. Minmi was one of the smaller dinosaurs. They were about 10 feet long, and weighed between 500-1000 pounds. Scientists think they might have been a fast runner because of their stiff back skeletal form and their long legs. Scientists have been able to study the contents of these dinosaur's stomachs. From these studies, we know they ate fruit, seeds, and ferns. It is easy to remember Minmi was a small dinosaur because of its name! Think of Mini! There is the possibility though, scientists have only discovered baby Minmi's and that's why they have been so small. What do you think?

Stegosaunas (STEG-uh-SAWR-us)
Stegosaurus means "Plated Lizard" or "Roofed Lizard"

Stegosaunas image

Stegosaurus was a plate-backed plant eater. Another word for plant eater is herbivore. They ate pine trees, small shrubs, and many kinds of ferns. Their slcull was long and narrow like the shape of a horse. This made it easy to eat plants low to the ground. Scientists believe the plates on their back were more for "show" than for defense. They had four tall spikes on their tail which were used for protection. Stegosaurus had a very small brain and could not run very fast. It is believed theY traveled la her(la (groups). In the western United States, there is an area called the Morrison Formation. Many dinosaur finds have occurred in this region. Wyoming and Colorado are in the center of this formation. Over 80 individual Stegosaunas finds have occurred in this area. Talk about cool!

Troodon (TRO-uli-don)
Troodon means "Wounding or Tearing Tooth"

Troodon image

They were ferocious meat-eaters (carnivores). If Minmi were one of the least intelligent dinosaurs, Troodon, was definitely one of the smartest! They were about go feet long. That, about the length of a ping pong table. Their teeth were extremely serrated or saw-like similar to T-Rex. They are often described as “bird-like." They had large eyes and perhaps even binocular vision. This would have help. them see in less light and helped them identify dinosaurs hiding from them. Mother Troodons may have laid as many as 24 eggs in her nests at one time. Father Troodons also sat on egg-filled nests. Troodons had similar claws on their hands like Velociraptors. They had slender legs and a large claw on each foot (like the Velociraptor.) Troodon was discovered in North America. Troodon got its name when scientists found their scattered teeth which led them to believe their teeth fell out easily. Paleontologists found Troodon nests in Montana. This location is now called Egg Mountain.

Tyrannosaurus Rex or Rex. (tye-RAN-uh-SAWR-us)
Tyrannosaurus Rex means "Tyrant Lizard King"

Tyrannosaurus image

Stegosaurus was a plate-backed plant eater. Another word for plant eater is herbivore. They ate pine trees, small shrubs, and many kinds of ferns. Their slcull was long and narrow like the shape of a horse. This made it easy to eat plants low to the ground. Scientists believe the plates on their back were more for "show" than for defense. They had four tall spikes on their tail which were used for protection. Stegosaurus had a very small brain and could not run very fast. It is believed theY traveled la her(la (groups). In the western United States, there is an area called the Morrison Formation. Many dinosaur finds have occurred in this region. Wyoming and Colorado are in the center of this formation. Over 80 individual Stegosaunas finds have occurred in this area. Talk about cool!

Velociraptor (veh-loss-ih-RAP-tor)
Velociraptor means "Fast Hunter" or "Swift Seizer"

Velociraptor image

They were covered with feathers and bird-like. Their nose was long and narrow. Velociraptor fossils have been found in Mongolia, China, and Russia. They were carnivores. Their razor-sharp teeth made it easier to hunt. They had eagle-like talons (shaped like a C) on their second toe. With this sharp claw, they could reach forward and grab animals to eat. Eagles do this today. They were fast runners. They were the size of a .Id turkey and smaller than portrayed in movies. It's unclear if they hunted in packs. At most, they would have weighed about 33 pounds. They had a great sense of smell. They ate small animals like reptiles, amphibians, and smaller, slower dinosaurs. Birds today are related to Velociraptor.

Ledumahadi Mafube
(lay-DUE-mah-Hah-dee mah-FOO-bay)

Ledumahadi Mafube image

- Found in South Africa
- Names means: “A Giant Thunderclap at Dawn”
- 200 million years old
- 26,000 pounds = 2 South African Elephants
- First bones discovered in 2012
- Announced and named 2018 - Related to Argentina Dinosaur
- Herbivore
- Related to Brontosaurus