Dino Facts

'Amazing Dragon' Fossil upends origins
of world's largest dinosaurs

  • Dinosaur facts change often. At this date, February 2019, Ledumahadi is the largest land animal ever discovered.
  • It lived over 200 million years ago and weighed over 26,000 pounds; that's the size of two African elephants.
  • The first bones were discovered in 2012 and were found sticking out of rocks in a large field. The excavation took many years.
  • The dinosaur is a fully grown adult and approximately fourteen-years-old.
  • It is believed to be a relative of Brontosaurus (Sauropod) and is an herbivore. Sauropod dinosaurs ate plants and walked on all fours.
  • This dinosaur evolved earlier than Brontosaurus, at the "Dawn" of the Sauropods. Its' name is an African word which means, "A giant thunderclap at dawn."
  • The Ledumahdi mafube's limbs were thick and heavy. The front limbs were more squatted and stooped and it would have been difficult to support its massive weight. The Sauropods, like Brontosaurus, had more slender bones in their limbs.
  • The Ledumahdi mafube is considered a "Transitional Dinosaur" because he came before the Sauropod dinosaurs discovered up to now. Researchers used data compiled from dinosaurs, animals, and reptiles to determine Ledumahdi mafube walked on all fours.
  • Earlier in 2018, Argentina announced the discovery of a gigantic dinosaur in their country which they named, "Ingentia Prima." At the time of their announcement, their dinosaur was the largest land animal ever discovered. South Africa's Ledumahadi mafube is a close relative to this Argentinian dinosaur.
  • Scientists feel this supports the idea all continents were assembled as Pangea (a super continent, made up of much of the world's land mass during the Early Jurassic period).
  • During this period, Africa's landscape would have been different from today. It would have been flatter with very little rainfall.
  • South Africa is also known for the discovery of some of the earliest and largest turtles and a tiny carnivore called, Megapnosaurus. (The Megapnosaurus were also discovered to live in North America.)

  • LONG-NECJED DINOSAURS WERE the largest animals that ever walked on land. Moving cathedrals of sinew and bone, these plant-eating giants—called sauropods—could stretch up to 120 feet from head to tail. At their heaviest, they weighed a staggering 70 tons. But a new study published today in Nature Communications takes a whack at sauropods' conventional origin story. A new Chinese species of sauropod named Lingwulong shenqi—the “amazing dragon of Lingwu”—directly implies that major groups of Earth's largest land animals arose some 15 million years earlier than previously thought.


    New 'Rainbow' Dinosaur May Have Sparkled Like a Hummingbird


    An artist's depiction of Caihong juji, a species of theropod dinosaur that lived 160 million years ago in what's now northeastern China. ILLUSTRATION BY VELIZAR SIMEONOVSKI, THE FIELD MUSEUM. A new dinosaur discovered in China had feathers that may have glittered with the colors of the rainbow. Based on its stunningly preserved remains, scientists say the dinosaur’s head and chest seem to have been covered with iridescent feathers akin to those on modern hummingbirds.

    Scientists discover ‘the holy grail of dinosaurs’ in Africa

    An artist's reconstruction of the new titanosaurian dinosaur Mansourasaurus shahinae on a coastline in what is now the Western Desert of Egypt approximately 80 million years ago. (Andrew McAfee/Carnegie Museum of Natural History) Paleontologist Matthew Lamanna can still remember the day in 2014 when a colleague, Hesham Sallam, emailed him detailed pictures of fossils that had just been unearthed by his team in Egypt. From one photo, depicting the remains of a large lower jaw bone, Lamanna knew right away that Sallam had found a dinosaur.